Artificial cultivation of meat snakes

Snake meat is not only a delicious and expensive dish but also has the function of nourishing stomach. Artificially cultured meat snakes include black snakes, red chain snakes, neck snakes, tree snakes, cauliflower snakes, and king snakes. The breeding techniques are now described as follows:

First, the snake's feeding methods can be divided into snake field snakes, snake house snakes, snake box snakes three.

(i) Snake farms raise snakes. The venue should be a secluded place with a high location and close to the water source. Surrounding a solid wall of 2 meters or more, the wall base requires 0.5 to 0.8 meters and is filled with cement. The walls of the wall are painted gray, black or grass green, but they cannot be painted white. The interior walls are required to be smooth and seamless. Four corners of the wall must be rounded, and they must not be at right angles. Otherwise, the snakes will flee along the walls of the snake with their 90-degree right angles. The entrance door to the wall must have two floors. The inner door is open to the snake field and the outer door is open to the outside. This is safer. Snake yard fences can also be set without entering and leaving the door, each time using a wooden ladder to enter and exit. There are snake holes, pools, gutters, feed pools, spawning rooms, and activity fields in the snake farm. Some small shrubs, short grass and some stone piles can be planted at the activity site, which is conducive to summer shade, cooling and snake skins. Snakeyards are kept clean, moist, cool and hygienic.

(b) Snake house snakes. Indoor and outdoor can be combined with each other to try to imitate the natural environment of snakes living in the wild. The house and wall of the snake house need to be specially designed for use. There must be a pool in the room, and a few pots of flowers should be properly placed to increase the humidity of the snake house, which is conducive to the healthy growth of the snake.

(c) Snake box keeping snakes. Generally built in a well-ventilated room or house, mostly built into a rectangle, size and height should be based on the type and number of snakes. The material of the snake box can be wood or brick. Five centimeters of moist sandy soil can be placed in the snake box, surrounded by several pieces of suitable stones for hide and hide. The snake box is 2.5 meters long, 1 meter wide and 0.8 meters high. The snake box should have active ventilation windows. The inner cover can prevent snakes from fleeing. Feed 1 to 2 times a week, change the ground and fill soil, keep the snake box health.

In general, about 10 kg of snakes can be kept per square meter, and snakes can be put in more. Artificially-fed foods are mostly living mice, golden hamsters, frogs, cockroaches, loach or small fish. Artificially cultivated insects such as cockroaches, mealworms, and grasshoppers to ensure the need for large-scale snake rearing. Feeding should be broad-spectrum diversification to ensure snake health and growth.

Second, autumn and winter foster law. That is, when the autumn and winter snakes have entered the period of hibernation, the snakes are collected and fostered until they are sold before the next year. The price of snakes is the highest in February and March each year, which is about two to three times higher than usual. First, dig a pond that is 6 meters long, 2.5 meters wide, and 1 meter deep. Dig a few small ponds 0.3 meters deep on each side of the pond. Then dig a 0.4 meter deep trench for people to go in or out to observe. Then put the planks horizontally above the ground and pile it up to 1.5 meters or cover it with corn stalks so that the snakes in the serpentine pond can safely pass winter.

Third, snake breeding and hatching. After sexual maturity, snakes begin to mate after the first time each year after hibernation. Since the male snake's sperm can survive for several years in the female's body, the female snake has a maximum of 3 to 4 matings in her lifetime. The female snake lays eggs at the beginning of June or the end of August every year, and the number is between several to twenty. Not equal. Artificial incubation temperature must be controlled between 20 ~ 27 °C, humidity control relative to 74 ~ 95%, due to the different types of snakes, snakes hatching time is not the same length, the minimum incubation time of 25 days, the longest It takes about 55 days.

Fourth, feeding young snakes. The feeding method of young snakes is very simple, as long as they are kept in small boxes, only water supply, no need for food, because the yolk of the abdomen can be maintained for about 5 days. As the yolk is depleted, the young snake's ability to move gradually increases. At this time, small insects, cockroaches, or small earth frogs can be bred. When they grow to a certain period, they can be fed the same way as big snakes.

Fifth, prevention and treatment of snake disease. Snake disease common in artificial snakes has mildew, stomatitis and acute pneumonia.

(a) mycotic disease. During the rainy season, snake nest water or long-term anti-tide was caused by low topography or poor drainage. The common venom of sick snakes is a bit like black spots, and bitterness can lead to local ulceration and death if not treated in time. The treatment method is: rubbing with 2% iodine in the area of ​​mildew, wipe twice a day, one week can be cured.

(b) Stomatitis. After the snakes began to woke up, some harmful bacteria attacked the snake's neck due to the thinness of the body, causing swollen stomatitis. Snakes cannot open their mouths, cannot eat food, and finally starve to death because they do not eat food and water. The treatment method is: Rinse the snake's mouth with normal saline, and then wipe the two jaws with gentian violet solution. Rinse and rub once each day until the inflammation disappears.

(c) Acute pneumonia. In July and August, post-spawning female snakes were ill due to physical weakness and were ill with high temperatures. Sick snakes may experience difficulty in breathing, disturbed swims, do not want to return to the hole, and eventually die of respiratory failure. The treatment method is: Fill the frog skin with 800,000 units of streptomycetes in 8 doses and fill it with snakes, then rinse with clean water. 1 to 2 times a day, usually 3 to 4 days to recover.

Sixth, regular deworming. Each year early summer and late autumn, two times of deworming can be carried out in the pool of intestinal worms or tetracycline, for snake drinking and bathing, can receive significant results.

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