With the rapid development of mushroom production and the continuous expansion of its cultivation area, the pests and diseases that currently harm the production of edible fungi have become increasingly serious. Therefore, in recent years, scientific and technical personnel have successively developed a series of prevention and control technologies and new products in response to the actual needs in the production process of edible fungi, which has played an important role in improving the yield and quality of mushroom cultivation.
First, soft technology
1, eruption mushroom technology. The core of this technology is mainly four points, that is, detoxification of bacteria, mushroom sheds and the environment for a thorough disinfection and sterilization, the deployment of base nutrition, strengthen the hyphae after maturation, in recent years, high technical content, application of strong, can be operated One of the practical technologies with strong sexuality and high economic returns.
2,1+1>2 technology. The implementation of this technology requires two mushroom sheds in the cultivation process, one for bacteria generation, one for mushrooming, and two sheds alternately. The use of an outbreak mushrooming technology for production operations, the largest annual amount of up to 8 batches Around, the production efficiency can be increased by 4 to 6 times or more.
Second, technology products
1, all sick silly. It is the latest technology product for killing diseases and dealing with earth-covered materials. It is designed to kill rot, brown spot and other fungal diseases that are prone to occur in production. The specificity of the drug is relatively strong, and the side effects on the edible mushroom hypha are slight. When the disease is generally attacked, the ventilation is enhanced after the mushroom is removed, and sprayed for 1 to 2 times. When the disease is severe, spray 2 to 3 times. In the production of Agaricus bisporus, Coprinus comatus, straw mushroom, etc., it can also be used to treat earth covering materials to kill certain pathogenic bacteria.
2, mushroom disease elimination. Raw materials, fermentation materials, special spices for cultivation. It is a study of pollution and diseases in the current cultivation of edible fungi. After the mushrooms are used in proportion to eliminate the spices, the pollution can be avoided to the greatest extent, and certain diseases in the later period of cultivation can be effectively controlled.
3, killer king. The main drug that kills pathogens. It is developed for the pollution and diseases that occur during production. For spot-like moulds, inject 50 to 100 times to eliminate moldy king solution; for plaque-like mold, inject 50 times to eliminate moldy king solution; to connect pieces of mold, cut and mold plastic film to apply directly to eliminate mold king powder; serious to mold The fungus bag can remove the plastic bag and can sterilize the fungus column about 100 times that of the mildew-proofing liquid; it can also be used to disinfect the mushroom shed by spraying 200 to 400 times that of the mildew-proof king.
4, security success. It is developed for various kinds of contamination in seed production and clinker cultivation, which overcomes the insufficiency of general medicines such as high temperature resistance and easy decomposition. A large number of experiments have proved that the success rate of general clinker production can reach the level of 95% to 98%. It is currently the most effective drug in the production of edible fungi, and the product is green and has no residue.
5, three-dimensional prime. The full name of â€œthree-dimensional nutrient pheromone of edible fungiâ€ has obvious functions of promoting hyphae robustness, improving resistance to edible fungi, and greatly increasing yield. Mixing with spraying and spraying, the general production efficiency is above 30%, and the higher one is up to 50%, and it has the effect of reducing pollution and improving the commercial quality of mushroom products.
6, the disease without a trace. Preventive medication. It is based on the occurrence of edible fungus production of a variety of fungal contamination, bacterial contamination and fungal diseases, the occurrence of bacterial diseases, and after analysis and research of various drugs, developed a successful antibacterial, bactericidal products. The main purpose is to make use of the drug's ability to infiltrate, first to make the surface of the bacteria cells lose their vitality, compete with them for water, and then infiltrate into the interior, so as to achieve the purpose of inactivating the bacterial tissues of the bacteria. After tests on different bacteria and different diseases, the total efficiency of antibacterial and sterilizing is about 95%.
7, a spray spirit. Mushroom disease prevention and control drugs. In addition to effective prevention, it can also cure Pleurotus ostreatus mushroom disease, mushroom browning disease, Bailing mushroom brown rot and so on. Each bag of water 15 kg, directly sprayed mushroom body or material surface. The general condition can be sprayed once again, even when the condition is severe, spray 2 to 3 times Jiyu.
8, kill the disease spirit. Prevent sterilization and use. When it is used for prevention, it can be used alternately without any trace, which can prevent disease and prevent disease from producing resistance. For various diseases such as brown rot, yellow brown disease, rot disease, swollen mushroom, odor mushroom, dead mushroom and other fruit bodies of Pleurotus ostreatus, Agaricus bisporus, straw mushroom, Pleurotus nebrodensis, Pleurotus eryngii, etc., it is generally sprayed 2 to 3 times. The cure rate can reach about 90%. Hurricane Zhang Shiyi
The large glass umbrella, long-rooted mushroom and abalone mushroom are three kinds of edible fungi cultivated by the plant protection and environmental protection institute of the Beijing Academy of Agricultural Sciences. After nearly three years of indoor cultivation experiments, this year was the first time in the Beijing suburbs (mainly in the woodland of Tongzhou Yongledian). The demonstration promotion is very effective.
â— The large glass umbrella, also known as pork belly mushroom, has a unique flavor, which is like bamboo shoots and crispy. It is called pork belly mushroom. Mug umbrella is rich in nutrients, large in fruit body, solitary or clustered, cap diameter is 10 to 20 cm, and the middle concave is funnel-shaped. The surface is smooth, and the soil is yellow, and the stipe is near-column and long. Can harvest 3 to 4 tide mushrooms.
â— Long-rooted mushrooms, also known as long-rooted Aode mushrooms, long-term money bacteria, its nutrient-rich, high amino acid content, mushroom-shaped delicate, delicate meat, handle crisp and refreshing, is a high-quality edible fungus. The fruiting bodies are medium to slightly larger, solitary or clustered, with a cap diameter of 7-15 cm, hemispherical to flattening, smooth surface, tea-brown, and stipe near columnar, longer, up to 10-20 centimeters. Can harvest 2 to 3 tide mushrooms.
â— Abalone mushroom, also known as abalone ear ear, black king oyster mushroom, its fruit body is hypertrophic, texture is tight and brittle, mushroom fragrance, resistant storage, suitable for fresh sales, famous for the subtropical edible fungi. The fruiting bodies are medium to large, with a cap diameter of 7 to 25 cm, fan-shaped or semi-circular, dark gray, and a thicker stipe. Can harvest 3 to 4 tide mushrooms.
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