Before the Spring Festival this year, when Shaoxing City Administration of Industry and Commerce examined two famous star-rated hotels in Shaoxing, it was found that hundreds of bottles of high-end liquor were actually fake wines. â€œAt the time, a total of 372 bottles of fake Maotai and 220 bottles of fake Wuliangye were found from two hotels. It has been impossible to find out what has been sold,â€ said Fu Jieping, chief of the Economic Investigation Team of the Public Security Bureau of Shaoxing City.
As the investigation deepens, more and more clues point to cities outside the province. At the end of February, the Economic Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security issued orders to the public security investigation departments of all parts of the country to crack down on the production and sale of counterfeit wineâ€”â€œhunter actionâ€. 127 people involved in the operation were arrested, 99 production bases were destroyed, 5,700 bottles of counterfeit wine such as Maotai and Wuliangye were seized, 10 million sets of counterfeit brand packaging materials and trademark marks were seized, and printers and filling machines were seized. The class involved 120 sets of fake machinery and equipment.
How do counterfeiters make fake wine? How did fake wine flow into the market and blinded consumers to escape the supervision of related departments? Why fake wine repeatedly hit? The Post reporter recently went to Wenzhou to investigate.
The hotel bars and other consumer establishments sell Moutai bottle counterfeiters for RMB 70-120. The repurchased goods are then poured into low-priced wines and then sold at high prices. Most of the anti-counterfeiting technologies can be forged into a routine inspection, involving a total of 29 provinces in China. In 97 cities, the case involved huge production and sales of billions of cases.
The seized counterfeit wines are more accurately summed up as â€œreal bottles of fake wineâ€â€”the high-grade wine bottles used to make fake wines, or purchased directly from hotels, bars or other places of consumption, or transferred from waste collection stations. purchase. Among them, the high-grade wine bottles with undamaged anti-counterfeit labels have a recycling price of about RMB 120 yuan/ton. Even if the anti-counterfeit labels are slightly damaged, the repurchase price is also RMB 70-80/only.
Counterfeiters buy such bottles at a high price, and then fill in low-quality and inferior wines to pretend to be high-end wines. Once fake wines enter the market, consumers are often difficult to identify. Although it is known that the security code is valid when inquiring about the telephone, it is not known that the wine is fake.
At the same time, in the production and sale of fake wines involving the whole country, there were also counterfeit dens for the manufacture of fake packaging required for the manufacture of fake wines. They were mostly located in places like Cangnan and Pingyang in Wenzhou City.
Before the Spring Festival, Shaoxing City Administration of Industry and Commerce will check and rectify counterfeit cigarettes and fake wines. When two famous star hotels in Shaoxing were inspected this year, it was found that hundreds of bottles of high-end liquor sold at the hotel turned out to be fake wines. â€œAt the time, a total of 372 bottles of fake Maotai and 220 bottles of fake Wuliangye were found from two hotels. It has been impossible to find out what has been sold,â€ said Fu Jieping, chief of the Economic Investigation Team of the Public Security Bureau of Shaoxing City.
The survey found that fake wines from both hotels were purchased from a single agent. As the investigation deepens, more and more clues point to cities outside the province. At the end of February, the Economic Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security issued orders to the public security investigation departments of all parts of the country to crack down on the production and sale of counterfeit alcohol, â€œOperation Hunterâ€, and the operation was unifiedly directed by the Ministry of Public Securityâ€™s Economic Investigation Bureau. Allegedly, this is the largest national economic investigation system to crack down on operations since the establishment of the Economic Investigation Bureau of the Ministry of Public Security.
On March 23, â€œHunters Actionâ€ closed the net, Zhejiang alone dispatched thousands of police officers, arrested 127 involved persons, destroyed 99 production bases, seized 5,700 bottles of counterfeit wines such as Maotai and Wuliangye, and seized all kinds of counterfeit brand packaging materials. And 10 million trademark marks (sets), seized printing presses, filling machines and other 120 kinds of equipment involved in false. Since then, the police in Ouhai District, Wenzhou City has also destroyed a den of fake wine.
Counterfeiters how to make fake wine? How did fake wine flow into the market and blinded consumers to escape the supervision of related departments? Why fake wine repeatedly hit? The Morning Post reporter recently went to Wenzhou and Shaoxing to investigate.
1 The real bottle of fake wine and low-price wine is poured into the high-grade bottle and the anti-counterfeiting mark is not damaged. The recovery price of the high-grade bottle is about 120 yuan/only. Even if the anti-counterfeiting label is slightly damaged, the repurchase price is also 70-80 yuan/only.
Zhang Yuhong, head of the Third Battalion of the Economic Investigation Detachment Team of Wenzhou Public Security Bureau, said that the manufacturing of wine bottles is more troublesome. There are many processes that require large-scale factory assembly lines to make them. It is difficult for private small workshops to counterfeit. â€œSo the bottles that make fake wines are often returned. Buy real bottles instead of producing them.â€
The high-grade liquors and bottles used to make fake wines are either purchased directly from hotels, bars or other places of consumption, or repurchased from waste collection stations. The purchase of high-grade bottles will be discussed in advance with the hotel staff, so that they try to ensure the integrity of the bottle and security signs. Shaoxing police discovered in the investigation that the high-grade bottle recycling price for the undamaged security mark is approximately RMB 120/ton. Even if the security mark is slightly damaged, the repurchase price is also RMB 70-80/only. Such high prices are unstoppable for hotel or scrap purchase stations. Xu Liang, Secretary General of the Wenzhou Wine Industry Association, said that a hotel owner once told him that selling a bottle of Louis XIII earned 200 yuan, but an empty bottle could sometimes be sold for 2,000 yuan; a hotel's alcohol packaging box Waste paper is sold for tens of dollars a year, but a complete box can sell for more than 10,000 yuan a year.
Xu Youlin, president of the Hangzhou Wine Circulation Industry Association and chairman of the Hangzhou Huashang Sugar & Alcohol Co., Ltd., criticized the short-sighted consumption of wine and beverage establishments such as hotels and restaurants. â€œThe bottle itself is a waste product. Why is it worth so much money? The one-off acquisition is definitely a fraud. The hotel is equivalent to providing convenience to counterfeiters."
The used bottles, bottle caps, bottle stickers, trademarks and outer packagings are generally damaged or missing, so counterfeiters often need to re-order. Cangnan and Pingyang in Wenzhou, where printing and manufacturing operations are well-developed, have become an excellent choice for them. The fake wines that flowed into Shaoxing in the â€œHunter Actionâ€ were all made by Henan, and the bottles, labels, and packaging used by them were from Cangnan and Pingyang counties.
2 How to make counterfeit and easy-to-manage wine How to use a funnel to convert wine with good quality into a bottle, label it, put on the lid of the wine, and put it into the machine that seals the lid. The foot can be tightly sealed and then put into the bottle. In the box of laser anti-counterfeit signs, a bottle of fake wine was completed.
Once counterfeiters buy back high-end wine bottles and customize them to various types of outer packaging, the counterfeit wines will be manufactured next. The process of manufacturing fake wine is not complicated. This can be seen from the fake dimples that Jiamou destroyed in Wenzhou. The nest is located in Shangyu Industrial Zone, Guoxi Town, more than 20 kilometers away from Wenzhou City. There are hundreds of workshops and factories in the industrial area, many of which are leather companies. The manufacturing den lies in one or two stories. In the leather workshop, the gates are often closed and few people come and go. The second floor room has been drawing curtains. On the day of the investigation, the roller shutters used to make false dens could not be opened, and law enforcement officers entered the dens from the side of a tannery. On the first floor is a tannery which has closed down. Law enforcement officials smelled a strong taste on the first floor staircase. On the second floor, a worker was found lying on the floor and poured into the counterfeit Wuliangye. A funnel was placed on the Wuliangye bottle. The filter cloth was fixed with a clip, and the bulk tipping liquor in a white plastic bucket was poured into the bottle through a tube. The ground was filled with empty bottles and faked Wuliangye that had been filled. Two bottles were sealed next to the machines.
Use a funnel to introduce the blended wine into the wine bottle, label it, put on the wine lid, and put it in a sealed bottle cap machine. The foot can be tightly sealed on one step, and then it is put into a box with a laser anti-counterfeiting mark. A bottle of fake Wuliangye liquor is finished. â€œImagine falsifying wine was complicated and I did not expect it to be so simple.â€ The reporter of â€œWenzhou City Dailyâ€, who had made unannounced visits to the counterfeit den, said at the time of entering the scene.
Compared with counterfeiting, counterfeiters are obviously more tempted to confuse consumers. They will also place â€œsecurity identification devicesâ€ in fake wine packaging boxes and counterfeit long-distance shipping freight bills will be affixed to fake wine cartons. In the counterfeiterâ€™s warehouse, law enforcement officers discovered a number of counterfeit freight orders, indicating that the place of delivery and the receiving location were Chengdu and Wenzhou. In Jiamou's falsified workshops and warehouses, only 2,516 bottles of counterfeit Wuliangye, Maotai, Shuijingfang, and Gujing Gongjiu were seized, and a large number of semi-finished products, empty bottles, and outer packagings were found. At present, Jia Mou was arrested on suspicion of counterfeiting a registered trademark.
3 The chaos of the hotel's access to the wine channel Mixed with some hotel wine channels is not very formal, coupled with counterfeiters take the initiative to go door-to-door sales, fake wine prices are cheap, some hotel sales staff even eat a rebate, ignoring the "alcohol circulation accompanying list."
According to Yingchao, the deputy chief of the Inspection and Detachment Branch of Shaoxing City Bureau of Industry and Commerce, there are many channels for wine in the hotel, some channels are not very formal, and counterfeiters are easy to enter. In addition, counterfeiters provided counterfeit wines at a cheap price, and they were active in selling them. Some hotels may be greedy for cheap, especially when Maotai is tense last year. Counterfeiters are more likely to enter.
According to the â€œMeasures for Circulation of Alcohol Circulation,â€ the Ministry of Commerce stipulates that suppliers should fill in the "Supplying Flows with Wine" when they are wholesale, and record the circulation information of alcoholic products in detail; when liquor managers purchase alcoholic products, , It is also necessary to obtain a copy of the valid product quality inspection certificate and the â€œAgreement on Alcohol Circulationâ€ stamped with the seal of the liquor operator for each batch of purchased alcoholic products. The â€œAttachment Sheet for Alcohol Circulationâ€ is attached to the whole process of alcohol circulation, and it only follows the goods and the single goods match to achieve the traceability of the circulation information of the alcoholic products from the factory to the sales terminal.
Since there is the "Attachment Sheet for Alcohol Circulation", why can fake wine enter the hotel or alcohol and tobacco? Xu Youlin, chairman of the Hangzhou Wine Circulation Industry Association, said that according to the "Agreement on Alcohol Circulation," the names, specifications, production sites, production batch numbers, or production dates of drinks can be found, but some hotels are greedy for cheap, not Regular channels to buy, or regular channels can not buy, buy from other channels.
Xu Liang, Secretary-General of the Wenzhou Wine Industry Association, said that some hotel salespersons had kickbacks and did not implement the provisions of the "Measures for the Administration of Liquor Circulation". In order to strengthen the constraints on member companies, the Wenzhou Liquor Industry Association held a council on April 7 to determine a resolution: If members sell fake wine, they will be fired and notified.
The counterfeiters also spend time thinking about how to mix the normal channels for the circulation of drinks. Zhang Yuhong, head of the Third Battalion of the Economic Investigation Bureau of Wenzhou City Public Security Bureau, introduced that many counterfeiters prefer to make their fake real wines or their provinces, such as Blue Yanghe filling in Jiangsu, and Maotai filling in Guizhou because it is fake. A person can use the relevant supporting industries in the country of origin, and the counterfeit wines produced can easily enter regular sales channels or enter the market due to similar tastes.
4Difficult to identify false â€œanti-counterfeitingâ€ has also been forged. â€œFake wine has high imitation and low imitation. High imitation counterfeits can be forged by many anti-counterfeiting technologies, such as floating point drifting, using authentic Maotaiâ€™s recognizer to take pictures, and fake Maotai also. Will float."
Once the fake wine enters the market, consumers are often difficult to identify.
An important anti-forgery measure of Wuliangye is the security code. Each bottle of wine has a laser anti-counterfeiting mark. After the coating is scratched, you can see a security code. Then you can check the phone number on the bottle. The anti-counterfeit code is one-off, once the query is received, it will be recorded on the system, and the query will be informed again by the system. However, in fact, many consumers will not scratch the coating when drinking, which provides convenience for counterfeiters. Counterfeiters bought such bottles at a high price, and then poured low-priced and inferior wines to impersonate high-end wines. Eventually, even if consumers had telephone inquiries and found that the security code was valid, the wine was fake. "Laser anti-counterfeiting code has only a certain anti-counterfeiting effect, and can not be 100% anti-counterfeiting." Liu Liuxing, a member of the Wuliangye Group's anti-counterfeiting office, said.
Maotai Group Intellectual Property Protection Division (Ministry) said that the identification methods of Maotai anti-counterfeiting were mainly concentrated on the plastic cap of the bottle mouth. Because the plastic cap was made of special materials, the bottle was destroyed and it was difficult to recycle, and some counterfeiters had to use it. False plastic caps, but there are great differences between fake plastic caps and real gel caps. The anti-counterfeit technologies currently used in Maotai are reflective watermarking, directional light reflection, floating point drift, laser anti-counterfeit, and dynamic secrets. A series of anti-counterfeit technologies are available, and replicas differ greatly from genuine ones. Not all of them can be copied by counterfeiters.
Wenzhou Liu Jinming (a pseudonym), a beverage business operator, told the Morning Post reporter that Maotai's special plastic caps, as well as anti-counterfeit technologies such as reflective watermarks, cis-reflection, floating-point drift, laser anti-counterfeit, and dynamic secrets, could not be completely anti-counterfeiting. â€œThese are not Maotai. Exclusive anti-counterfeiting technology is now used." The Morning Post reporter learned from a number of printing plants in Cangnan that anti-counterfeiting technologies such as laser anti-counterfeiting and dynamic melodies are not difficult. They can all do it. For floating point drift and other technologies, it is only because there is no specific sample, so it is impossible to determine what technology it is.
Liu Jinming said that although the imitation of fake Maotai's logo cannot be exactly the same as that of Maotai's genuine product, it is enough to confuse consumers. "Sometimes even the sales terminal is difficult to identify."
It is even more difficult for consumers to identify the authenticity of wine through taste, because the means of counterfeiters are increasingly sophisticated. The low-grade liquor used by counterfeiters to impersonate real wine is often chosen in the same winery or similar flavor as real wine. "(Counterfeiters) will try to use the same sequence, the same taste, the same degree of low-end wine, such as high-end liquor, high-grade wine with aroma of low-grade wine blending."
5 The source of fake counterfeit liquor is difficult to trace. The industrial and commercial department generally only seized a small amount of fake liquor at the retail terminal. It cannot constitute a crime and cannot be transferred to the public security organ for filing and punishment. In practice, it is difficult to find out the origin and channel of counterfeit wine. In one step, even if consumers discover that it is fake wine, it is not an easy task for law enforcement agencies to dig out the entire production and sales chain of fake wine.
Many industrial and commercial system personnel said that in practice it is difficult to find out the source and channel of fake wine. The retailers being surveyed often do not know the supplier of fake liquor. Many supermarkets and drinks and beverages are "(supplier) delivery. When you come to the door, you only know one person and you don't have to stay on the phone." Even after tracing the supply of the family, they often did not even have books. â€œWhere the fake wine comes from and how much it sells cannot be traced, and it is difficult to dig deeper. Some people who traffic and sell fake wines have strong resistance and refuse to explain. â€
In the face of such obstacles, the industrial and commercial department cannot investigate in depth because business and law enforcement personnel do not have the same technical means as the police and can adopt various investigation methods. As the industry and commerce departments generally only found a small amount of fake wine at the retail terminal, they could not be convicted of a crime and could not be transferred to the public security organ for processing. So the media is more like this news: After receiving the report, the industrial and commercial department of a certain place discovered that the fake wine had all been confiscated by the seller's fake wine. At the same time, a fine was imposed. However, the fake wine came from nothing.
Difficulties in counterfeiting have undoubtedly contributed to the impulse of retailers or hotels to sell fake goods. Since the profits from the sale of counterfeit wines are high and the incidents are investigated for incidents, even if they are investigated, they are only fines, and the fines are much lower than their long-term sales of fake liquor. The profits, obviously selling fake wine is a more favorable option. Although a punitive fine of not more than three times the amount of business is imposed upon investigation, no one can find out how many fake liquors they have sold. The industrial and commercial department can only impose penalties based on the amount of fake liquor that can be determined.
In addition to consumer reports, wineries and distributors should have been a source of crackdowns on counterfeit wines by law enforcement agencies. Because of the annual production of high-grade wine, which places it has entered, wineries and distributors know best. "But they are often reluctant to actively report crimes, but also do not want to promote." Zhang Yuhong said that it is not easy to be investigated and the profits are high. This is two important reasons why fake wine has never stopped. Combating counterfeit alcohol is an action that requires public security, industry and commerce, and other departments to jointly enforce the law. It is better to have a lead unit to organize.
Counterfeit wine interest chain in Henan sold to Shaoxing's counterfeit Maotai wine interest chain: Buy back maotai bottles for 70-120 yuan each, and fill fake wines for sale to dealers at about 200-300 yuan/bottle, after two levels of distributors. When selling to the hotel 800 yuan / bottle, the hotel is based on the actual price of more than 1500 yuan / bottle sold to consumers.
Wenzhou Ouhai falsehoods: Each Wuliangye empty bottle repurchase price is 10.5 yuan, a set of more than ten yuan packaging, used to fill the fake Jianzhuang wine 7 yuan / bottle, the cost down but only thirty or forty yuan, for sale The price is 130 yuan/bottle, while the price of the same kind of Wuliangye is 800 yuan/bottle.
Development of liquor stores using anti-counterfeit technology Maotai Group Maotai Group has been developing "national wine Maotai" stores, there are now more than 900. In order to strengthen the supervision of franchised stores, complaints against consumers of monopolized specialty stores will be banned from sale of fake franchised stores once they are verified, and rewarded with 10,000 yuan.
Wuliangye Since 2010, Wuliangye products have begun to use RFID anti-counterfeiting technology, the buyer will be on the query machine to brush, you can display the bottle of wine names, manufacturers and a series of information, and the information is transmitted to the winery anti-counterfeit information background, After the confirmation in the background, feedback information.
How do consumers identify fake wine? Xu Youlin, chairman of the Hangzhou Wine Circulation Industry Association, said that the anti-counterfeiting methods of each wine are different and they are constantly changing. â€œFor consumers, the more informed the method, the more confused he is, the A small difference can mean something different between true and false. (Distinguish the false) is not learned once or twice, we are also doing it while accumulating experience."
Wang Shengyi, head of Wenzhou Oupinshang Trading Co., Ltd., a special dealer of Maotai, suggested that consumers should first test the product according to the specifications. If there are doubts after the inspection, they will find a store or authorized dealer to help identify. For consumers who bought counterfeit wines, Wang Shengyi believes that they are often blindfolded. â€œ(Forgers tell them they know which leaders they know, there are internal channels to get the wine), plus many consumers havenâ€™t Maotai, I don't know what kind of wine is.
Xu Youlin and Liu Jinming said that the most important thing for liquor dealers is to identify channels, and purchase goods from formal channels or authorized dealers. â€œThese places will certainly not sell fake wines, and if they fail to do so, they must be rescinded.â€ They suggest that consumers should go to a regular liquor dealership or an authorized store to buy it. This is the safest way.
Maotai Group stated that in order to ensure the standardization and safety of its product marketing channels, it has been developing "national liquor Maotai" specialty stores and now has more than 900 stores. In order to strengthen the supervision of franchised stores, complaints against consumers of monopolized specialty stores will be banned as soon as the evidence is conclusive and rewards will be reported to the complainant of RMB 10,000. The group appealed to consumers to purchase as much as possible at the designated store, and requested an invoice for the purchase, and found a problem in a timely manner to the company or the local administrative department for industry and commerce.
Wuliangye began using new anti-counterfeiting technology. Since 2010, Wuliangye's products have begun to use RFID anti-counterfeiting technology. Each bottle of wine has a technological label made with this technology. Before consumers buy it, put the wine on the inquiry machine and the query machine can display it. The bottle of wine names, manufacturers, batch number, code, degree, specifications and a series of information, and the information is transmitted to the winery's anti-counterfeit information background, after the background confirmation and feedback information, so that consumers can confirm before buying authenticity . Wuliangye Group also plans to integrate query functions into mobile phones and other terminals to facilitate consumer enquiries.
Liu Liu staff of the Wuliangye Group Anti-counterfeiting Office said that the reason why the technology can prevent the counterfeiting is that the first is that the manufacturing process of RFID anti-counterfeiting technology has a high cost of falsification, because the label production standards are very demanding and must have a professional manufacturer and The assembly line can be produced. It cannot be copied by ordinary small workshops. "After the bottle is opened, the tag will be damaged, which will lead to unrecognized." Many Cangnan-based printing companies have not even heard of this technology. â€œWhat is RFID?â€ asked the business owner of Cangnan who can provide laser anti-counterfeiting and code anti-counterfeiting technology.
As the industry and commerce departments generally only found a small amount of fake wine at the retail terminal, they could not be convicted of a crime and could not be transferred to the public security organ for processing. So the media is more like this news: After receiving the report, the industrial and commercial department of a certain place discovered that the fake wine had all been confiscated by the seller's fake wine. At the same time, a fine was imposed. However, the fake wine came from nothing.
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