Occurrence and Control of Black Spotworm in Rape Field

Rape field in rapeseed field, also known as black shell insects, aphids. Black-shelled worms are the collective names of rapeseed triceratops and coccus beetles. The coccus leafworms are divided into two species: big cocoon beetle and small cocoon beetle. The three are often mixed.

First, the harm symptoms and characteristics. Pests like to eat rapeseed seedlings and young leaves, rapeseed rapeseed field has just been looted, large rape seedlings are often eaten only leaves veins, like a broom, from afar there is a burning feeling, the victim is light Many holes were bitten on the leaves of rape, and some of the rape seedlings were snapped. According to surveys, low-lying and wet areas are heavier than high-lying areas. Late-planting fields are heavier than early sowing fields, and flood lands are heavier than hilly areas.

Second, retransmission reasons

(1) For many years, rapeseed cultivation followed the tradition of sowing, with large seeding rate, high field canopy closure, and late seedlings, which provided good foodstuffs and suitable living environment for black worms. (2) For many years, the sown area of ​​rapeseed was large. Minor hazards did not cause people's attention, and most of them did not conduct timely prevention and control, resulting in a large base number of black insects. (3) The jump of three kinds of pests, suspended animation, and concealment of overwintering sites in overwintering conditions make the discovery difficult and prevention difficult. (4) Three kinds of pests are covered with hard shells, and it is difficult for common pesticides to penetrate the shells, causing repeated prevention and recurrence. (5) The three pests are miscellaneous and have a wide range of habitats. (6) The sowing date of rapeseed in some areas was more rainy and the weather was suitable. In October, the weather was clear and the temperature was 2-3°C higher than usual. It was conducive to adult spawning and adult and larval activities of black insects, and thus occurred heavy.

Third, control methods

1. Agricultural control: In autumn and winter seasons, through the thinning of rapeseed fields in the fall and winter seasons, the stubble branches and leaves of the rapeseed fields are cleared, the burned or piled up leaves are concentrated, the living environment of the pests is deteriorated, the density of the overwintering population is reduced, or the adults are allowed to inhabit under the dead leaves and overwintering. The habit of setting up inducing reactors is to pile up weeds or picking cabbages on the ground to trap overwintering adults and collect and kill them.

2, for chemical seed dressing: Before sowing can be used 5% Ruijin special clothing mixed rapeseed species, according to Ruijin special 1 parts, seeds 10 parts of the ratio of seed dressing, stir evenly after sowing.

3, rational fertilization: cultivating strong seedlings to improve the resistance of rape seedlings, to control nitrogen fertilizer, phosphorus fertilizer, potash fertilizer and trace elements, timely set seedlings, changing the ecological climate of rapeseed.

4. Change sowing for seedling transplanting: Before transplanting, use 25% deltamethrin 1000 times foliar spray to transplant to kill invading pests.

5. Chemical control: Choose insecticides that have internal absorption and stomach toxicity, and re-spray the heart and leaves when spraying. Surface can not be ignored, when spraying in rapeseed fields to be sprayed in a row, can not miss the spray, the weeds to the Tianbian to clear and spray control, the main agent is 50% octanoic acid 800 times, 48% Losben 1000 times liquid, 90% crystal trichlorfon 800 times, 25% deltamethrin 1000 times or 2.0% rotenone 1000 times, spray evenly.

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