According to the export data of pharmaceutical products issued by the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products, from January to June 2010, the total export of Chinese medicine products in China was US$912 million, and the total export of Western medicine products was US$11.783 billion. The amount of Western medicine exports is 13 times the amount of Chinese medicine exports.
Chinese medicine is a treasure of the Chinese nation. In recent years, the demand of various countries in the world for Chinese medicine has been increasing, and the exports of Chinese herbal medicines, Chinese herbal medicines, extracts, and health products have increased year by year. However, compared with western medicine products, the export volume of traditional Chinese medicine products is still relatively small, and various export barriers are still difficult to overcome.
At present, China's exports of Chinese herbal medicine products are subject to many restrictions in the international market. Among them, the technical barriers involving heavy metals, pesticide residues, and microbial limits have become the most important factors restricting the export of Chinese herbal medicine products.
For example, the German Drug Law stipulates that finished herbal medicines must meet the same standards of quality, safety, and efficacy as other finished drugs. Imports of raw materials need to detect heavy metals, pesticide residues, and microorganisms; in the United States, Chinese patent medicines are included in dietary supplement management. Exporting companies must strictly control the levels of harmful elements such as arsenic, mercury, lead, and cadmium; Asian countries such as Japan, South Korea, and Singapore are traditional countries for the export of traditional Chinese medicines in China. These countries must import heavy metals and pesticides for many varieties of imported medicinal materials. Detection of residues, microorganisms, etc.
According to statistics from the Green Medicine Office of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce for the Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products, more than 60% of Chinese medicine products that have been rejected by importing countries are under the green barrier. The statistics and early warning statistics report on technical trade barriers showed that in 2009, China's exports to the United States, Japan, the European Union, South Korea, and Canada had a total of 2,298 batches of food blocked. Among them, 85 batches of plant-derived Chinese herbal medicines were blocked, 79 batches of special diets were blocked, and 24 batches of animal-original Chinese herbs were blocked. The above three types of products accounted for 8.1% of the total blocked foods. The report also shows that the main reasons for the obstruction are microbial contamination, heavy metals, residues of pesticides/veterinary drugs, pollution of chemical substances, and unqualified packaging, among which heavy metals and pesticide residue limits are particularly severe. Recently, due to excessive levels of heavy metal mercury, the Hong Kong Department of Health in Hong Kong instructed Hong Kong Chinese medicine manufacturer Hong Kong Chenjiayuan Pharmaceutical Factory to recall from the market a product called â€œChen Jiayuan Hoarding Powderâ€ produced by the factory.
The strict control of heavy metals and pesticide residues has become an urgent task. Compared with developed countries, China has a relatively late control over heavy metals and pesticide residues in the cultivation of Chinese herbal medicines, which makes it impossible for export companies to fundamentally monitor heavy metal and pesticide residues in Chinese medicines. Moreover, many companies have not yet mastered foreign standards for heavy metal and pesticide residues in plant medicines.
In order to participate in the competition in the international market, we must refer to the technical standards of exporting countries and the limit control standards for related substances, and in combination with China's specific national conditions, formulate national standards methods and limit control standards for heavy metal elements and pesticide residue detection in Chinese medicine products. Therefore, the Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China has promulgated the â€œGreen Industry Standards for Foreign Trade in Medicinal Plants and Preparationsâ€ (hereinafter referred to as the â€œGreen Herbal Standardsâ€), controls the heavy metals, pesticide residues and related indicators such as aflatoxin, and entrusts them to China. The Chamber of Commerce for the Import and Export of Medicines and Health Products promotes the standard, guides export companies to make products conform to the â€œGreen Chinese Medicineâ€ standard, and then go beyond foreign green barriers.
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