During the long-term practice of raising pigs and the service of raising pigs, I discovered that many of the pig-raising friends include some large-scale pig-raising companies. Some problems in the production process were handled improperly or did not receive much attention, so the production of the entire audience Management has had a great influence. For this reason, I have listed 36 points that should be taken seriously or exist in such a way in the pig production. Due to space limitations, there are many more practical problems and only for the pig friend's reference. Although it is not systematic, the starting point is to make it possible for a pig friend to understand it at a glance, to see it once, and to do it immediately, and to do it immediately. In order to attract everyone's attention, it is temporarily called 36 secrets. If you have noticed these problems, then congratulations, if you haven't done so, then you should wake up and gradually improve! Tip one: Water health Almost all pig farms think that there is no problem with their pig drinking water. In fact, it is also a problem that we all easily overlook. In the process of serving pigs, I dealt with 6 pigs with water problems. On the court, they also eloquently stated that before they found out, our family was eating this water. How could the pigs not drink? The test results showed that E. coli and solids in the water were all exceeded, so remind each pig farmer to pay attention. If you are not satisfied with your pig production level, you may wish to do a water test. Remember that pigs can use water for drinking, but not everyone can drink water for pigs! It is also worth noting that the pollution of water towers and water supply pipelines is also a problem that cannot be ignored. It is recommended that everyone should regularly clean and disinfect the water supply system. At present, professional companies are already doing such things, which is very convenient. Tip 2: What kinds of pigs do the pigs make money or make more money? I do not talk about what kind of species, what kind of feed, what kind of management, it is the standard: sow ** days of a production cycle, the number of live births per child more than 10, the average weight of newborns is about 1.5 kg, The average weight of weaning at 28 days was more than 7.5 kilograms, and the average weight at the age of 70 days was more than 28 kilograms, and the survival rate was more than 95%. Tip 3: Pre-sterilization, post-feeding Once farms of many sizes are sprayed and sterilized, the veterinarian is very busy the next day and finds that many pigs do not eat or heat up. In our textbooks, even many teachers involved in raising pigs also emphasize spray disinfection. To select sunny, windless weather, and even the teacher said that the winter is cold, you can use hot water spray disinfection. I have been in the pig farm management is to allow pigs to form a strong appetite, front disinfection, rear feed The method effectively avoids the stress caused by spray disinfection. Tip 4: Diseased pigs should properly disinfect the pig farms. After the problems in the pigs, the frequency of environmental disinfection is increased. One day or even several times, it is really worse for the diseased pigs. I have encountered many such cases in the service process. After analyzing the cause of the illness and the treatment measures taken, I feel that if I stop the disinfection, I will immediately get better. Sure enough, after reducing the number of spray sterilization About a week, the pig's feed intake began to be normal. Tip 5: Drug resistance of disinfectants Is disinfectants likely to be as resistant as antibiotics? Now many manufacturers in the sales of disinfecting drugs, and even some so-called experts when recommending disinfectants to friends of pigs, always ask pig friends to frequently replace disinfectants, and do not know whether it is for commercial purposes or to fool friends with pigs. It is the problem of drug resistance of disinfectants that is not so serious, especially disinfectants of strong acids and strong bases. As long as you choose according to different environments, methods of use (spraying, soaking, fumigating, etc.), using sheds, and virus types, it is not so complicated, and harmful microorganisms in the environment are very fragile. The alcohol and iodine used by the hospital to disinfect the skin have not changed from me to the present. Tip 6: The core of making money from breeding and self-supporting farms is the delivery room and nursery room. Many pig farmers engage in egalitarianism in the construction of pig farms. They do not attach great importance to the construction of delivery rooms and nursing homes. Whether a self-raising or self-supporting farm can make money, the delivery room The facilities of the nursery and the depot play a decisive role. Pig farmers often say that raising pigs is very simple, seven words can be summarized: more lives, less death, grow faster. So less death and faster growth are directly related to the conditions of the delivery room and the nursery. As the saying goes, one or two babies were born, weaning a pound, and slaughtered ten pounds. Weaning is most affected by conditions in the delivery room. Tip 7: External parasites are more harmful In the modern pig-raising process, our pigs have little or no contact with soil or green feed. Therefore, the internal parasites are far less harmful than the ectoparasites. I have a lot of pig raising techniques. At the promotion conference, the significance of environmental pesticides was much greater than that of oral drugs. Pig farms must pay more attention to ectoparasite decontamination and environmental insecticide when they do deworming. There are many finishing pigs in pig farms who have to do two or three dewormings in their lives, but they have never done environmental insecticides, so the growth potential of pigs has not been released. Tip 8: The pigshed barn door must be firmly and easily switched. The barn doors of many pig farms are made of steel bars or pipes. Since the design did not take into account the destructiveness of the pigs, they were all wrapped up after a while. The wire is very inconvenient to switch on. Even the maintenance cost of the barn door of some farms became a burden. In fact, the biggest loss is the time of the workers. Switching a door to use a lot of time to do the maintenance of the pigs. The gate of the design fence must be able to be opened and closed easily and not easily damaged by pigs. Some pig farms have been opened because of the barn's barn door, which has caused the boar to flee and fight to death or cripple. This is really a pity. Tip 9: The double water supply system is very happy. Many pig friends have already done it. In each swine shed, there must be a water tank of about 200 kg (in a self-determined size) and switchable water supply to the pigs in this shed. If there is any abnormality in the pigs, or if the heat in summer needs small-scale administration and health care, Save more. This money is best not to save, very practical. Tips for boars 10: Every day sports keep the boar's strong sexual desire and good shape, especially with strong limbs, exercise is the key. Many pig farms are afraid of trouble or because of limited conditions, there is no sports ground, resulting in boar fat or sperm quality decline. In the daily mating work, boar sedation and the use of boars to check the situation is also a commonly used means, not only to allow the boar to have proper exercise, but also to promote the estrus of the sow, but also timely detection of estrus sows. Tip 11: There are a lot of pig-raising friends telling me that the boars he raised are fierce, disobedient, and even attack people. The reason is very simple, that is, our breeders have not treated it well and even abused it. As the saying goes, sows are good, good nests, good boars, good slopes. Boars need more than just guaranteed nutrition. It is advisable to keep a pig comb at the pig farm and make sure that one breeder combs each boar up and down at least twice a day. Three planes a day, match over ah. And more crucially, the boar will become very docile and obedient. Tip Twelve: Advance Prevention of High Temperatures and Cold Waves Stress Looking at the weather forecast is a compulsory course for pig farmers, but looking at the long-term weather forecast is really astute. For boars, cold waves and high temperatures can severely affect semen quality. Experienced breeders know that the number of sows littering at high and low temperatures will be significantly reduced or below average. Therefore, if pig farmers look at medium and long-term weather forecasts, they can do some treatment of boar shelters in advance or add some anti-stress additives to keep boar sperm vitality, such as cod liver oil, multivitamin B, and boar feed. Baking soda, prebiotics, etc. Tip 13: The boar fighting method is also very simple. With a torch, you can separate the two boars. Although rarely encountered, once the two boars meet, they must hit each other and generally do not stop until the other side can fight without any help. People often rely on tools such as pigskins, but people are easily injured. Tip 14: The position of the boar in the boar shall in principle be located in the upwind direction of the sow house and it shall be 50 metres away from the breeding house (or weaned sow). Large-scale pig farms have done very well. Small and medium-sized self-breeding and self-cultivation farms like to keep boars and sows together. Some still listen to experts' suggestions that it can promote sows' estrus. In fact, such a long time, boar libido is not good. Sow Part Tip 15: The 16-character principle of raising a sow We will not have any major problems if we adhere to the 16-character principle in the sow feeding process. The 16-character guideline is a reasonable feeding plan problem. The emphasis is on â€œwatching feeds, watching feeds, timing, and adjusting the timeliness,â€ and the sowâ€™s feeding plan is based on the principle of the minimum amount. Look at the situation during the feeding process and make adjustments. Some of our experts always like to give pigs a friend's quota. In fact, in the hands of the breeder, there is no difference in the amount of one kilogram or so, unless you use a scale. Therefore, the general population quantification method is generally adopted for sow feeding. If 100 sows are estimated daily for 400 kg or 500 kg, in principle, the sows are the only quantitative account in a pig farm. Tip 16: Protecting sow ear roots We must pay special attention to protecting the sow's ear roots, because a sow has to do a lot of vaccines a year, but also do some injections if the sow's ear roots are damaged. That's a very bad thing. Muscles don't absorb normally, affecting the effectiveness of vaccines and medicines. Once on a farm, I saw severe cysts in the roots of the sows. After drawing out the black liquid with blood, I judged it as an oxytetracycline injection. I was later confirmed by pig farmers and proved my judgment. is correct. Pig farms should never try to get some newbies. Here we must remind pig friends that the quality of the needles we use for prevention or treatment of sows must be good, not only flexible, but also rigid, absolutely not. I have found that there are broken needles in the roots of sows in many pig farms. Tip 17: The sow positioning bar must have small enclosures to supplement the so-called small enclosure refers to an area of â€‹â€‹about 10 square meters, the length of the feeding trough is about 1.5-2.0 meters and the partition or no trough, preferably with a sunny The sheds in the playground can hold 3-5 weaned sows per room. At present, with the development of pig raising, a number of large-scale pig-breeding enterprises have emerged. Especially with the support of the capital market and related national policies, many lay people have joined the pig raising industry. They have not engaged in pig production. Most of them invited some well-known domestic experts to help design, often neglecting the fact that the farm facilities were built to complete production targets and facilitate production, not to cope with acceptance by related departments or for outsiders to visit. Especially in the design of sow stalls, all are positioning columns. Our sow herds must have some special sows such as retort, dystocia, etc. After weaning, we need to carry out rearing and management in small enclosures. Having a certain number of small enclosures is a must for the management of high-yielding sows. Tip 18: The delivery room is as small as possible. Recently, in a certain place in Anhui Province, a pig farm that has invested 8 million RMB has a double-row delivery room designed to be 8.5 meters wide and 100 meters long. According to the head of the farm, there are 100 production beds. Such a large delivery room, one can never do all-in and all-out, the second is never completely disinfected, and the third is that the insulation will never be in place, so the delivery room piglet survival rate will never be the standard, the last point is the field will It's hard to earn money, of course, if he's raising a pet pig, it's also possible to make money! At the end of the last century, the pig owners knew that the size of the delivery room was appropriate. If the cost allowed, one sow would be good, but the practice proved that for a large-scale pig farm, the delivery room for 20 obese beds was appropriate, regardless of cost. Management can be accepted by everyone, and it is easy to change the air in winter, warm up quickly, and it is also convenient to cool down in summer, and it can be all-in and full-out to achieve complete disinfection. Tip 19: Maintaining appetite A lot of very experienced pig farms also encounter the problem of sows not eating after giving birth, so the maintenance of sow appetite is particularly important. There are three main points. The first is to take measures to limit the sensational antenatal sow, so that the sows will form a strong appetite before the birth, and continue to be born later. The second is the first drool to drink after the sow. It is best to use hot bran salt soup to effectively prevent stomach discomfort caused by drinking too much. Thirdly, it must be implemented strictly in accordance with the day-by-day feeding plan within one week after delivery. Of course, postpartum prophylaxis is also a very effective measure. Special attention should be paid to preventing mastitis and metritis. Tip 20: postpartum milk guarantee sow milk quality is good, the key is the control of pre-pregnancy puberty is very good, generally require 84 to 90 days of pregnancy in the control of 70% lyrical or moderate lyrics, late or one month before labor The completed nutrient reserve will be rapidly converted into milk after birth. Any sow with poor milk quality and the elimination of health factors are generally fed with fat in the pre-pregnancy period. Twenty-one Tips: Improving the birth weight of suckling pigs The birth weight of heavy suckling pigs is an important indicator in the pig raising process. Generally, the survival rate of suckling pigs whose birth weight is less than 1 kg is only about 50%. The key to raising the birth weight is The amount of nutrient supply one month prior to the onset of labor, and the amount of nutrient supply for sows one month prior to the onset of labour is determined by the sow's pre-pregnancy condition. In other words, the better the control of the sow during the pre-pregnancy period, the greater the supply of feed in the later period, the more it can meet the needs of the rapid growth of the fetus, the greater the birth weight may be. The average growth weight of three growing pigs in Duchang is about 1.5 kilograms. Twenty-two Tips: Drive out heavy fetal sows and sows to give birth to sows, but also make it difficult for pig-raising friends, can not lift, can not go, and can not move rough, although only a small number, but it is really a headache It wastes too much manpower and time. The method is to use a basket or bag that is larger than the head and put it on the head of the pig to adjust the direction. It is also easy and convenient to let the pig walk away without going forward. Part of the secrets of milk pigs Twenty-three: Feeding troughs have many benefits The current pig farms mostly use the obstetric beds, but the troughs arranged on the production bed are mostly one, round or elongated, with several feed intakes. Bit. According to my own test, if two circular teaching troughs are placed close to the heat preservation area on the production bed, and a circular teaching trough is placed on the other side, the speed of teaching materials and the increase of feed intake can be significantly increased on the 20th. Age can increase the intake of food by about 12.6%, but the ambient temperature must be guaranteed to be above 20 degrees. Tip Twenty-Five: Benefit When the 5-year delivery room pigs are transferred to the nursery, the temperature of the nursery within one week is 5 degrees higher than that of the pigs in the delivery room. We call this the benefit of 5 degrees. If your suckling pigs always have this or that problem, especially in autumn, winter and spring seasons, try. Tip 25: How do the weaning standards determine the weaning time? Many pig friends fluctuate on the issue of determining weaning time, and there is no basis for it. Some farms determine the weaning time based on the season, the temperature, or the poor husbandry of the pigs. I personally think that the weaning time is determined by three factors: First, the sow's lyricism can reach weaning after reaching moderate or even moderate lyrics. Second, the weight of the suckling pig is recommended to be weaned after more than 6 kg, but if Delivery room and nursery room are in good condition, but also can be appropriately advanced; Third, the feed intake of suckling pigs, it is recommended that daily intake of suckling pigs reach or exceed the daily weight gain level before they can be weaned, but the average pig farm can not, milk Pigs can be weaned on a daily intake of at least ** grams. It is reasonable to determine a reasonable weaning time from these three conditions. In special circumstances, if the sow is able to increase the amount of feeding and the number of feedings, but still can not guarantee the situation of public opinion, we generally do not protect the nurse to protect the baby, the insurance is not small. Tip 26: Pig farm resistance Piglet inguinal lymph node health is a good standard for farm resistance. Assuming the vaccines are effective, and assuming that the drugs purchased are all true, is the planned immunization we do effective? Will we be at risk when making vaccines? Do we have some conventional preventive or therapeutic effects that can achieve the desired results? Will the problem of transfer, reloading, etc.? How can we estimate? According to my own production practice and pig research for more than a decade, whether a pig farm can effectively avoid these problems is the key to whether the pig's superficial lymph nodes are normal or not, especially whether the superficial lymph nodes of suckling pigs are healthy or not. If the inguinal lymph nodes of a suckling pig house in a self-producing and self-sufficient pig farm are mostly healthy and do not see blue, purple, and swollen conditions, it can basically be judged that the pigs have good resistance and the environmental pressure of the pigs. Small, the pig's health is good, whether it is planned epidemic prevention or drug prevention or treatment, the effect will be very good. Our friends who make feeds have a saying that even the best feed can be said to be not good, and even poor feeds can be said to be good. Where is the difference? The health level of the herd. If managed properly, if the pig is healthy, poor feeds will perform well. Tip 27: Intraperitoneal rehydration and warming milk Piglet diarrhea is the most common disease. Actually, no matter what the cause of diarrhea is, for dehydrated piglets, dehydration is the most important concern, and there is a decrease in body temperature, so diarrhea in piglets Treatment, abdominal rehydration is the most commonly used technical measures, and before rehydration, we must do rehydration heat treatment, and to accurately grasp the body temperature of pigs, but many pig friends did not reheat the fluid in the abdominal rehydration, Especially for suckling pigs with very low body temperature, it is very likely that the pig will die immediately after rehydration. Twenty-eight Tips: Successfully taught us to require that suckling pigs must learn to eat before 15 days of age, otherwise we cannot talk about early weaning, and there is no way to achieve the desired target weight. However, many pig-raising friends feel very difficult. The common saying is that the sowâ€™s milk is too good, the pig does not have hunger, or that it is fed in the teaching chute, the piglet does not eat, and so on. But if we meet the following conditions, the suckling pig will soon learn to eat: First, the position of the feeding trough must be between the sow and the holding area, which is the place where the suckling pigs pass in and out; the second is the trough's The quantity must be more, the secret twenty-three has already been said; the third is to teach the trough to be very bright, the dark place where the suckling pig does not go; four is to teach the trough to be very warm, the temperature is low and the pig does not go; Fifth, the feed should be fresh, palatability is good, whether or not to eat piglets, replace at least 3 times a day; 6 is the strongest one in this nest a mandatory feed, use the imitative habits of piglets, can speed up the whole group learning speed . Tip 29: Nursery and Leaky Dungs Nowadays, many pig-raising friends make the nursery room a 100% leakage floor. This is actually not very good because the piglets coming out of such a nursery room excrement in the finisher shed. Positioning difficulty will be relatively larger. It is recommended that new pig farms be built. When the nursery building is built, taking into account the importance of good urine positioning for fattening production, it is best to make two-thirds or one-half of the floor-to-door dung, which can also save some costs. Tip 30: Pigs are also required to â€œtrain seedlingsâ€. When farmers use plastic sheds for vegetable or cotton seedlings, or when they are bred in rice, they must be ventilated and ventilated before transplanting. Slowly extending the time until several days after the removal of the plastic shed, the field was transplanted. This process is called practice. In fact, this principle also applies to raising pigs. Our nursery pigs (about 30 kilograms) are raised in nursery rooms. In order to allow them to safely and safely move into flocking stalls in time, they must also do â€œpreparationâ€ in advance. Allowing them to adapt to the outside natural weather early is especially important in autumn, winter and spring. Tip 31: The availability of weaning supplies for weaning is good, and it has a great relationship with the feeding plan after weaning. We all know that pre-weaned piglets are free-feeding and feed can be filled at any time in the feed chute. However, within a week after weaning, we must make small meals, reduce the amount of each meal, increase the number of feeds, and thus increase the number of piglets. The daily intake. Some pig-raising friends took appropriate restrictions after weaning. Although the piglets were safely weaned, the growth rate of the weaned pigs was severely slowed due to insufficient nutrition, and the slaughter time was prolonged. Tip 32: Buying Miao Piglets The quality of piglets is directly related to the pig's survival rate and feed ratio, which means that it is closely related to the interests of pig farmers. So what kind of piglet we buy is good? I think buying a Miao Pig is a matter of buying a pig, which is how many days of the pig, and the second is to buy the weight, that is, how many days the pig has reached the number of catties, such as more than 15 kilograms for 50 days and 28 kilograms for 70 days. The third is to buy healthy superficial lymph nodes. Whether or not the lymph nodes of the Miao pigs are normal is a key indicator to judge the health status of the batch of pigs (see Tip 26). It is also a key indicator that the batch of pigs will not have problems after returning. Part of the secrets of fattening pigs 33: There is a very real problem in the management of gaps and breeding of finishing pigs, that is, after feeding for a period of time, the size of the grouping, and even some individual pigs will get sick. At this time we need to have certain The empty circle, first, the individual group is too small to adjust out, focus on feeding, and second, some of the sick pigs focused on treatment, special nutrition, to speed up recovery. Therefore, when planning a pig to put a lap, we must increase the density reasonably, adjust it after a certain period of time, raise the relatively small pigs in each lap for centralized feeding, or raise the pigs in a centralized manner. We call this Organize for the pigs, also called the group. This measure is very meaningful to prevent fighting and improve the uniformity of the group. Tip No. 34: Free-feeding and appropriate cut-offs The free-feeding method, as its name suggests, is an uninterrupted feeding and is a commonly used method in the production of finishing pigs. However, in order to maintain the pig's appetite, especially in the hot summer, the appropriate daily breakage will not only not affect the pig's feed intake, but on the contrary, can maintain the pig's better appetite. As a breeder, it must be able to accurately estimate whether the feed intake of the herd is reasonable or not. It is also a very effective method to improve the accuracy of the estimation. Tip 35: Excrement Positioning Pigs are a very loving and clean animal. Pigs donâ€™t care about hygiene, and they are constantly chaotic about urine. Our managers are not doing a good job of positioning. As the saying goes, pigs are innocent and their food is full. The pig houses are wet on the ground, and there is no need to increase the disease. It will also waste a lot of time for the breeder. I have done statistics, the same ten pens, good or bad positioning of excreta, the time taken to clean up the ground to error more than half, and due to flushing more water. The fact is that poorly positioned pig farms are because they are too watery and can be used arbitrarily. In pig farms where water is expensive, the pig's excreta is generally well positioned. The key to good positioning is that during the week when pigs are transferred to a new shed, they can't casually flush with water, and they should be diligently cleaned, diligently punished, and thoroughly cleaned. The traditional method is also very effective, such as putting some pig manure and pouring some water in the prescribed place. Tip thirty-six: Prevention of biting pigs biting ears biting tails evil villains Our farmer friends used to be called bite disease. According to relevant reports, pig bite disease is not our country's "patent", and foreign pig farming also exists. Some domestic experts have done research, and the occurrence of bite disease is still a certain rule, that is, the incidence of exotic species than native breeds, fattening boars higher than the finishing sows, cultivars are higher than the local breeds, the number of groups Compared to the singular group and the higher ones (so the number of odds for each lap), many northern pig friends hang a chain in the fattening shed, which works well. I personally feel that in addition to the exclusion of diseases, special attention must be paid to the group or group. Choose afternoon or evening and disturb the sense of smell of the pigs in time. Normally use disinfectant with large irritating odor. Secondly, control parasites. Pigs with traumatic bleeding must deal with wounds in time. c) Ensure that the pig size gap in the same circle cannot be too large.
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