As we all know, Brazil has made achievements in the field of bioenergy. More than 80% of vehicles use ethanol-gasoline, and in the streets of Brazil, there are many ethanol/gasoline-fueled vehicles that drink alcohol. The raw materials used to make such vehicle ethanol include sugar cane and corn.
In fact, in addition to sugar cane and corn, there are many plants on Earth that can provide us with a large amount of green biological energy.
Planting tree "oil"
Such as "diesel tree" and "oil tree." Some of these trees can directly use the oil flowing out of their trunk to start the car, and some of them can be used as fuel oil after being refined.
Jatropha curcas: The oil content of fruits is as high as 50% to 80%%. Through the transformation of the "carbon chain" in the Jatropha gene, various types of viscous industrial oils can be produced. Generally 500 kg of diesel can be extracted per acre. The Indian government has designated 40 million hectares of land for the cultivation of Jatropha. It hopes to replace 20% of diesel consumption with Jatropha curcas oil within five years. BP is spending $9.4 million to research jatropha oil in India. The British D1 oil company also invests 20 million U.S. dollars in India, Indonesia and the Philippines to study alternative energy sources, most of which are used to study Jatropha. About 100,000 mu are also planted in the southwest of China, and it is planned to reach 10 million mu by 2010.
Eucalyptus oil: There are more than 600 kinds of eucalyptus trees in the world, and about 50 kinds have high oil content. A mixture of 7 eucalyptus oils and 3 parts of gasoline can make an ordinary car reach 40 kilometers per hour. China began to introduce eucalyptus trees since 1980. It has grown to 1.7 million hectares and has planted 1.5 billion trees, second only to Brazil.
Coconut oil: Coconut oil is more viscous than other fuels and contains higher levels of impurities and water. It requires a preheater and filter on the engine to reduce the viscosity and impurities of the oil before it enters the engine. The Philippines has partnered with the United States to develop a "biodiesel" based on coconut oil. Vanuatu, a South Pacific island nation, also mixes coconut oil and diesel for fuel use.
Oil nan: The height of the tree is more than 30 meters. Some of the heartwood can form brown oily liquid, which resembles diesel oil. Usually grow to 12 to 15 meters high can produce "oil." Every time a big tree is collected, it can get 3kg to 4kg of â€œdieselâ€.
The traditional coal-fired power plant burning â€œChaiâ€ uses coal or petroleum as fuel. Now, the number of fuel members in the thermal power plant is increasing. Among them, there are plants common to humans, and the burning of coal fuel is burning grass to burn grass.
Grassâ€”grasses grown on the continents of Europe and North America. This perennial herb is becoming a new force in biofuel power generation.
The grassy height is about 4 meters. The silver leaf on the plant is highly flammable. The hay can be made into fuel for power generation through simple processing. The energy generated by 1 hectare of grassy fuel can replace 36 barrels of oil.
"Chai" - is a wide variety. In Spain, the fuel used for thermal power generation has everything from olive nucleus to almond husk to grape nucleus.
Now, in the Spanish capital of Madrid, more than 300 buildings use thermal power from the olive nucleus. Spain is the worldâ€™s largest producer of olives. Therefore, due to local conditions, it has used the idea of â€‹â€‹using previously abandoned olive nucleus, and is likely to become the worldâ€™s largest source of olive nuclear fuel.
The strategy of using "wine" against oil for the use of "wine" in Brazil is now being learned by many countries. The United States, India, Thailand, China, Japan, and other countries are also blending ethanol, which is derived from plants, into gasoline. Moreover, raw materials for ethanol production include sugar cane, corn, and waste wood.
Some countries also use soybeans, rapeseed oil, and depleted oils, vegetable oils, palm oil, coconut oil, and jatropha oil, etc., to incorporate diesel in certain proportions as biodiesel. For example, Malaysia, the world's largest palm oil producer, is using palm oil to produce biodiesel, most of which is exported to Europe.
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