Diarrhea is a common disease in rabbits in spring and has high morbidity and mortality.
1. Cause of disease
(1) Infectious pathogenic factors: mainly caused by pathogenic organisms such as viruses, bacteria (such as E. coli, Salmonella, staphylococcus, Clostridium), parasites (such as coccidia, worms), and molds. These pathogenic organisms damage the intestinal mucosal epithelium of rabbits, causing inflammation of the intestines and the production of toxins, leading to enterotoxemia, which causes massive body fluids to seep into the intestinal lumen, causing diarrhea.
(2) non-infectious factors: mainly due to improper feeding and management, such as suddenly changing the forage, weaning prematurely or just after weaning, excessive bulimia, cold and damp in rabbit houses, feeding moldy feed, eating dew Forage or frozen feed, drinking dirty water and so on.
2. Control methods First of all, find the cause of the disease and eliminate the pathogenic factors. Stop feeding the concentrate or reduce the amount of concentrate feed, increase the amount of quality hay feeding, and take the probiotics, lactase or yeast tablets. The probiotic tablets are taken at 0.5 g/kg body weight per day or 0.5 to 1 g/day for each rabbit to adjust the bacterial flora of the entire gut and restore the microecological balance of the intestine. In the early stages of the disease, injections should be the mainstay. Antibiotics should be used with caution and antibiotics should not be taken orally.
Severe diarrhea should be promptly rehydration, it is best to use 5% to 10% of glucose saline intravenously, each rabbit plus vitamin C40 ~ 50 ml. Rabbits that are severely dehydrated can be subcutaneously injected with 5% glucose saline solution 30-50 ml. During the recovery period of sick rabbits, they were fed with stomachic drugs (each rabbit was treated with 0.5 g of artificial salt, 0.5 g of gentian powder, 0.3 g of baking soda, and 1 to 2 pieces of yeast tablets after oral administration). Rabbit diarrhea is mostly caused by feed factors, so the quality of the feed used must be guaranteed. Grass should be fresh and clean, fine material must not be mildewed. Do not let rabbits get hungry or full, do not feed water with forage and frozen feed. Do a good job in the disinfection of the environment and regularly deworm them. Regular addition of trace elements (such as copper) to feed also helps prevent diarrhea in rabbits.
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