Selection of meat dogs

At present, there are no excellent meat dog breeds available for selection in China. The vast majority are using local terrier breeders for fast fattening and slaughtering or selling after reaching a certain weight requirement. The use of domestic and foreign large-scale breeders for the breeding of purebreds and hybrids is currently under way. However, this method is used for production purposes and requires a certain process. It also requires joint efforts in many aspects to be put into practice. Not all native dogs are suitable for meat. Therefore, when breeding, it is necessary to seriously select the introduced species and individuals. Mainly pay attention to the following aspects. Variety selection 1. The selection of medium-sized breeds mainly includes the selection of local dogs with large body sizes, a large amount of meat and a strong build. There are mainly two kinds in our country. (1) Chow Chow: It is native to the north of China and weighs up to 25 kg. (2) Taihang dogs: native to Taihang Mountains in China, weighing up to 30 kg. 2. The choice of large-scale purebred breeds that can be used as meat breeders are: (1) St. Bernard: Produced in Switzerland, the body muscles are strong and well developed and weigh up to 80 kg. It is mainly used for guarding, shepherding and pulling carts on farms and alpine pastures. (2) Tibetan mastiff: native to China's Tibet, China currently has 300,000 to 400,000 muscles, and has a muscular body and a weight of nearly 100 kilograms. Mainly used to protect herds. (3) Great Dane: Originating from Germany, it is a beautiful and outstanding large dog and weighs more than 50 kilograms. Used to fight, hunt, pull carts, guards, etc. The body is muscular. (4) Apes: Native to South Africa, the body muscles are strong and well developed. Mainly used for hunting and shelter. The following are the main aspects of the individual's choice of individual health. 1. Mental health The dog is lively and responsive, and the tail is naturally raised and shaken from side to side. Diseased dogs are not spirited, lying and lying, lean, tail, or drowsy, ignore the call or diet, or behave in fear, running wildly. 2. Eye Health Dogs have bright eyes, no tears, a pink conjunctiva, and no eyelids. The sick dog had two eyes without a god. His eyes were blind, he had tears, and the conjunctiva was blue-purple. Anemic dogs have a pale conjunctiva, and dogs with poor hepatobiliary function can present conjunctival yellow stains. 3. Nasal healthy dogs are moist, cold, and nose-free. The dog's nose was dry and even cracked. Nostrils had nose. 4. The ears of healthy ears are clean, odor-free and sensitive to sound. There is no itch or secretion in the ears. 5. Oral health dogs are clean and moist in the mouth, with red tongue and no tongue coating, no bad breath, white teeth, and no runny nose. The diseased dog has moss, bad breath, red mouth, and thick saliva in the mouth. 6. Skin and coat The health of the dog is soft and elastic, and the coat is fluffy and shiny. Diseased dogs are malnourished hairless or hair removal, broken hair, skin rash, ecdysis, itch and so on. 7. The anal health dog has a strong tail, tight anus, and no dirt around. When suffering from gastrointestinal diseases such as diarrhea, the common anus is loose, the surrounding dirt is dirty, and even tail hair is contaminated. 8. Dietary desires Healthy dogs can eat and drink, and the amount of diarrhea and urine is appropriate. Diseased dogs eat little or no food or drink at all. Breeding dogs should pay attention to the following aspects: To comply with the standard requirements of meat dogs, body size, appearance, weight, fertility and resistance to disease should be met with the requirements of meat dogs, not only from the appearance is beautiful, tall to assess, but should observe the head, Whether the neck, limbs, and tail are well-proportioned and coordinated, if the head grows majestic and high, but the chest is narrow and the body is short, it does not meet the requirements of meat dogs. 2. It should be noted that dogs with nervous, timid, or excitatory dogs are not suitable for meat dogs; bold, gentle and quiet are more suitable for meat dogs. 3, the choice of male dogs in addition to attention to the aforementioned conditions, they should pay attention to their strong males, follow the bitch when mating, frequent urination; such as mating when urinating, do not climb across the bitch, mating weakness, short mating time (normally, public Dogs cannot be breed dogs for 15 to 20 minutes when they complete the mating process. The reproductive organs of male dogs should be free from defects, and the scrotum should be closely tied; those whose testes on both sides are of different sizes or unilateral testis should not be kept as breeding dogs. 4. Female bitch selection The female bitch should be far more litter, lactating, and good motherhood, with 4 to 5 pairs of nipples. Good maternity means that the prenatal birth will be follicular, and the postpartum child will be able to breast-feed the puppies regularly. When the puppies climb out of the nest, they can use their mouths to enter the nest. No bitch can be used as a breeding ground for bitches with predatory lice, inadequate postpartum milk, and occasional feeding of nursing dogs and nurses. When breeding a breeder, it is important to note that individuals should be large, long meats must be fast, and feed utilization should be high; good breeders should be selected for future generations; good ancestors should be selected, and good siblings should be reserved for breeding. The male dog should be selected for about 2 years old, and the breeding female dog should be selected for about 1.5 years old. China Agricultural Network Editor