Yellow-throated water turtle garden ecology breeding technology

Yellow-throated turtle is one of the rare turtle species, commonly known as stone turtles, water turtles, sweet turtles, medicinal health value is high, its delicious meat, plastron can be used as a drug, there is the effect of detoxification. The turtle is also an authentic breed of cultivated green turtles and has a high ornamental value.

Living habits

The yellow-lucked turtle is a semi-aquatic animal that is small in size and lives in fresh water. It is often in the water during the day and is often active in bushes and grasses at night.

The turtle eats miscellaneous foods, like eating fish, snails, snails, grains, fruits and vegetables, and tender grass. From April to October, it is a growth and reproduction period, and from June to August, it is a season of growing and spawning. It is mostly mated in water and spawns at night in the soft sandy soil. It spawns 2 to 4 times a year, 2 to 11 pieces each time. Eggs are long oval, gray-white, weighing 6 to 16 grams. From mid-November to the end of March of the following year, hibernating in caves, crevices, or underwater silt.

The survival temperature of the turtle is 0-40°C, the suitable temperature is 20-30°C, and the growth and development is most vigorous when the water temperature is about 30°C.

2. Aquaculture pond construction

Courtyard ecological farming occupies a small area, has little investment and has quick results. The aquaculture ponds can vary in size from 50 to 80 square meters, in an arbitrary shape, with a pool depth of 1 meter or so, digging around into a 30-degree slope, around the bottom of the pool, and then cemented with bricks to build a size in the pool. For a food table of 2 to 5 square meters and a height of 0.6 meters, an egg-laying area of ​​5 square meters will be built on the sunny side of the pool on the sunny side of the lake, and soft sand and sand will be built to build a rainproof shed and low-lying flowers will be planted around. The bottom of the pool is filled with 0.2 m thick soil, and the water depth is about 0.5 m. A suitable amount of snails and a small amount of loach and squid can be put into use. Water hyacinths are planted on about 30% of the water surface to facilitate the habitat of turtles and shade of turtle ponds.

3 turtle selection

The parent turtle weighs more than 300 grams for males and 400 grams for females. Specific requirements: The shape is intact, the limbs are sound; the head and neck are flexible, quick to react, and can turn over quickly on the ground; the eyes are bright, sensitive and dexterous. The shape of the female body is "thick" and "circular". The shape of the male turtle is long and narrow, and the floor has a pronounced depression. Male to female ratio 2:1.

Turtles should be introduced nearby, and males should be introduced from different regions to avoid affecting offspring quality through inbreeding.

Seven days prior to stocking, 1.5 mg/kg of strong chlorine was used to disinfect the pool water. When stocking, the turtle was soaked with 100 mg/kg potassium permanganate for about 1 minute.

4. Feeding management

Ecological feeding should be mainly fed with natural combination feeds, such as fresh fish, animal organs, snails, rats, snakes, cockroaches, mealworms and peels, rice bran, fruits and vegetables, and the ratio of animal and plant feeds. For 7:3, compound feed can also be used. Feed should be placed on the food table and eaten within 2 hours. In summer, feed 2 times a day, mid-autumn 1st time, and late fall 2 days. Remove residue and bait at any time so as not to pollute the water quality; change the water in time to keep the water fresh, and when changing the water, the temperature difference between Chenshui and the new water must not exceed 3°C.

Freshly hatched hatchlings should be carefully cared for and eat two days later. The juvenile tortoise has a weak gastrointestinal function and must use high-quality, fresh, nutritious, and palatability foods that require fine, fine, soft, tender, and digestible foods such as leeches, quail, and cooked egg yolks. Crushed pig lean meat, liver, snail, wheat flour and other ingredients of the mixed bait. Feed 2 or 3 times a day, change the water frequently to keep the water clean.

5. Hatching technology

Keep the environment quiet during spawning and spawning. Do not disturb spawning and turtles. Before hatching, prepare an incubator with a width of 0.4 m, a length of 0.6 m, and a height of 0.12 m. Cover the bottom of the box with a sand with a thickness of about 0.08 m. Then, the collected eggs are discharged to the sand at a distance of 0.01 m. On the top of the fertilization point, cover 0.02m thick sand. Each box should be labeled to indicate the number of eggs and date of collection. The egg box was then placed in an incubation chamber and maintained at a temperature between 28 and 34°C, preferably at a constant temperature of 32°C. The sand in the incubator should be kept at a certain humidity. After incubation for about 55 days in an environment of 30°C, hatchlings can be hatched.

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